In the legal context, sanction is strong action taken in order to make people obey a law or states obey a law or rule, any other regulations, or the punishment used when it is against the laws. According to sociology, sanctions are ways of enforcing compliance with social norms. Sanctions are positive when they are used to celebrate conformity and negative when they are used to punish or discourage nonconformity.
Sanctions could be international sanctions. The categories of international sanctions are economic, political, and military ones. These are the efforts by countries, multilateral, or regional organizations against states or organizations either to protect national security interests, or to protect international law, and defend against threat to international peace and security. Economic sanctions are commercial and financial applied by one or more countries against states, groups, or individual. Military sanctions are the intervention of states by using armed forces. [Download]
By Ms Kin Tepmonyneath
BA International Law, University of Cambodia